Fruit and Vegetables

Vegetable garden on the balcony what to plant


Vegetable garden on the balcony what to plant


The increase in market prices, the need to eat more controlled foods, the desire to dedicate oneself to an ancient pastime, but more topical: these are just some of the reasons that are pushing more and more people to try their hand at cultivating a real garden in the space they have available. And with that, we don't mean the classic piece of land in the cottage in the country, but small windowsills, windows, balcony corners, canopies and terraces: in the city there seems to be no limit to the desire to eat fruit and vegetables, it is precisely the case of say it, at km 0 and completely home made! Nothing beats the taste of a product grown in a healthy and natural way and seen growing with one's own eyes.

Not only is there no need for large spaces available, but neither too much time nor special and expensive equipment; fruit crates, old jars, jute bags, cans and jars, yogurt jars, egg boxes: there is no limit to everything we can avoid throwing into the dustbin and recycling instead for our garden on the balcony. A pair of scissors, watering can, straws (in case we decide to grow plants that need a support in height), gloves and saucers will be useful.If then your space is really super reduced, no problem: we can grow a hanging garden!You can use, for example, the canvas pockets, those that hang in the bathroom as if they carry everything. Or a pallet: we can close it at the bottom, fill it with earth and fix it to the wall. In this case, one must have the foresight to plant on the upper part those plants that tend to grow more in height (the basil, for example).If, finally, the watering for us represents a too heavy commitment, it will be sufficient to prepare small sprinklers with programmable timer.In choosing the plants to plant and cultivate, we should consider some parameters. For example, seasonality: it is very useful and satisfying to have something available every day from our garden. It is therefore a smart choice that leads us to grow vegetables, fruits and vegetables that are available alternately during the four seasons and which continue to produce more times after each harvest. This is the case of the cutting salads (mixed salad, lettuce, endive, rocket), but also chicory, spinach, beets and cabbage.A further parameter in the choice of what to cultivate, concerns crop rotation: an ancient principle, yet for a long time forgotten by intensive cultivation techniques, currently taken up by organic farming, allows you to always have healthy and abundant products even from a small piece of earth, as it avoids the depletion of the culture medium.Therefore, we should consider this simple table, which contains the vegetable groups that we should expect to alternate, every two / three years, in our land:-Group A (leguminous): peas, beans, jackdaws and broad beans.-Group B (brassicaceae and chenopodiacee): beets, turnips, cabbages.-Group C (cucurbits): pumpkins, courgettes, cucumbers, etc.-Group D (solanaceae): tomatoes, peppers, potatoes, aubergines.The most suitable for those starting out



Tomato: a mine of vitamins and minerals. For growing in pots it needs a good exposure to sunlight and a vertical support to develop. It is necessary to mix the compost with the earth and dig a hole for each seed that we are going to plant, at a distance of about thirty centimeters from each other. We cover the holes and gently press the ground. Watering must take place a couple of times a week, spraying water with a spray bottle.
Lettuce: annual plant rich in folic acid and vitamin A, always present in our tables. The seeds should be planted in depth, between 10 and 15 centimeters, and watered daily, preferably in the morning.
Potatoes: extremely versatile vegetable and present in our diet. We can grow them in sack or even in a bin: it allows us to maximize yield and space and to easily control the attack of fungi and parasites. In a bin of fifty liters (like the dustbin) we pierce the bottom and pour about twenty centimeters of soil and vegetable compost mixed together. Cut in half the seed potatoes, place them in the ground with the buds facing the air. We periodically add water, but do not overdo it to avoid the stagnation that would make it rot. As the shoots grow, we always add a little soil, so that the potatoes always remain covered. After about three months, the leaves will stop growing and turn yellow. It means the potatoes are ready. We can empty the bin or the bag and make our harvest.
Onion: folic acid, fiber and vitamin C are the properties of this vegetable at the base of many preparations. To sow it, you need to clean the soil of stones and debris and mix it with compost. The seeds should be planted a couple of centimeters deep, well spaced. Water three times a week.
Strawberries, blackberries and raspberries: the scent, the colors and the formidable anti-oxidant properties of these fruits are really worth the choice of having them on your balcony. To cultivate them, a very nutritious soil is needed, so we prepare a good compost. They prefer shaded or semi-shaded positions (in particular, the strawberries have a greater yield if planted in semi-shaded areas).