Growing sweet bell peppers

Growing sweet bell peppers

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The agrotechnology of growing bell peppers is much similar to the cultivation of tomatoes. Both crops are planted in early spring for seedlings, which are transferred to the ground in early summer.

Numerous factors affect the yield of bell peppers. Some of them are: the time of sowing seeds, the optimal age of seedlings for planting in the ground, soil fertility, etc.

Bell pepper seedlings

It is necessary to plant pepper seeds for seedlings at the end of February. This is due to the fact that with the beginning of the calendar spring daylight hours increase, which has a positive effect on the intensity of seedling growth. It should also be noted that pepper seeds sprout for a very long time (2-3 weeks).

Bell pepper is a very thermophilic plant. Therefore, when growing seedlings on a windowsill in an apartment, it is important to monitor the air temperature in the room: it should be at least 22 ° C (the best option is about 25 ° C).

Low temperatures do not allow the plant to develop normally, which entails a strong lag in growth.

It is believed that bell pepper seedlings do not need picking, which they do not tolerate very well. However, it was noticed that after transplanting seedlings into separate cups, the plant begins to form a powerful root system and grow actively. When picking, it is important not to damage the roots.

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Landing in the ground

When choosing a place for planting seedlings in the ground, it must be borne in mind that pepper prefers stable temperatures, high humidity, and the absence of direct sunlight.

In the middle lane, the fruits of bell peppers can ripen at an average daily temperature of 25 ° C, therefore, pepper grows best in our latitudes in greenhouses. If there is no such opportunity for growing, then for planting seedlings you need to choose shaded areas that are closed from sharp gusts of wind.

In open ground, seedlings are planted only at the end of June, when there is no threat of frost. Peppers can be planted in the greenhouse already in the last third of May. Before planting, the soil should be fertilized and well dug up so that it becomes soft and saturated with oxygen.

Humus, superphosphate are suitable as fertilizers.

Plants are planted at a distance of about 30 cm from each other in not very deep holes. You can also add compost to them. It is not necessary to deeply bury the plants. After planting the seedlings, it must be watered with warm water.

Growing bell pepper after planting in the ground

It is necessary to weed and loosen the soil between the rows at least 6-7 times during the summer. The soil should be loosened 5 cm deep after each watering and rain.

During growth, plants need watering quite often, since peppers love moisture very much (due to its absence, the yield will be minimal). Water the plants once a week only at the root and only with warm water, but not too abundantly.

In addition, bell pepper plants need feeding.
To increase the yield, the first flowers must be picked. This will ensure the quickest fruit setting process.

Peppers need to be protected from diseases and pests throughout the growing period. Most often, the plant is susceptible to damage by aphids and spider mites, for which there are special preparations.

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Harvesting pepper

Pepper is very sensitive to mechanical damage of various kinds. Therefore, it is important to know that the fruits of the bell pepper must be cut with scissors, and not cut off, as is customary. The fact is that when the plant is cut off, it receives microtraumas, which entail a delay in growth and a decrease in the level of yield.

The technique for growing bell peppers is very simple. With the right approach, even a novice gardener can get a decent harvest of fruits.

Watch the video: How I Doubled My Pepper Production without Pruning (May 2022).


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