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How to deal with spider mites on indoor plants at home?

How to deal with spider mites on indoor plants at home?


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Cobweb on indoor flowers - what is it? The spider mite infects almost all plants on all continents, it does not get only to aquatic ones. This the tick lives everywhere, it is not unless in Antarctica. It often turns into a real disaster for indoor flower lovers.

What is a spider mite on indoor plants? it small insect, having the shape of an ellipse and reaching a size of up to 1 mm. They live in large colonies, nestling under dry leaves left in a pot, or small lumps of soil, on the back of a leaf.

Such the colony consists of hundreds of ticks, they actively reproduce, laying the larvae. Ticks and larvae drink the juice, for this they pierce the leaf and suck the liquid out of it. Spider mite on indoor plants - how to deal with it?

How to find?

Spider mite on indoor plants - photo:

Numerous light spots, and if the colony is large, then the plant is covered with a thin, barely noticeable cobweb (hence the name of the mite) and very soon begins to dry.

They can be difficult to find due to too small size and color, which helps to merge with the foliage (mites are brownish, greenish and yellowish). Females remaining for the winter are red in color.

Tick ​​females live less than a month, but during this period they are able to lay hundreds of eggs. New individuals appear in clutch in three days. The biggest problem is that eggs remain alive for up to 5 years.

They are waiting in the wings on the bark, in the axils of the plant, in the ground and even in window frames, on window sills and in the chips of flower pots. That is why the fight against them can be long.

Often spider mites bring from the storetherefore, the new plant must be quarantined for at least two weeks.

Tick ​​types

Cobweb on flowers: what to do? To understand how to remove spider mites from indoor flowers, you need to know that they there are several types:

  • common spider mite: its vast populations spread on the lower part of the leaves and on the tops of young shoots; as the colony grows, individual individuals begin to creep across the entire window sill, affecting more and more new plants; in a short time they are able to infect the entire collection; most often they affect fuchsias, balsams, ficuses, roses and dracaena; the first sign of such a lesion is yellow spots on the leaves and small white cobwebs;
  • red tick: most often settles on balsam, rose, nightshade, orchid, lemon; actively reproduces at high air temperatures;
  • false tick: dangerous in that it has a very small size and is not at all visible to the naked eye; he does not weave cobwebs, therefore, a defeat is noticed only when the plant is already beginning to die;
  • Atlantic tick: mainly affects exotic palms and citrus fruits, but can spread to any plant; one of the few mites that actively spread in high humidity indoors;
  • cyclamen mite: applies to gloxinia, chrysanthemum, cyclamen, pelargonium, balsam, violet; he lives not only on the leaves, but also in the tubers of plants; large colonies look like a layer of dust; unlike most brethren, he loves high humidity;
  • wide tick: likes to settle on anthurium, euonymus, ficus, saintpaulia, oleander, citrus and cacti; he is very fertile; new colonies appear on the leaves of a diseased plant every 3-4 days; they are easy to spot: red clusters of dust and cobwebs are visible; females do not huddle in hard-to-reach places for laying eggs, so it is easy to deal with it;
  • cactus flat mite (briobia): affects exotic plants, can be detected by white or yellowish intermittent stripes on the leaves; the female lays large orange eggs, pulling chains from them along the veins on the leaf; found on Saintpaulia, Fatsia, can go to any plant;
  • clover mite: it affects ambutilon, ficus, euonymus, peperomia, orchids and various bulbous plants; eats out entire passages, filling them with brown dust.

Houseplants attack other types of Putin mites: pacific, strawberry, red (flat).

All ticks are capable of adapt to the worst conditions, slow down the life processes before the onset of good conditions for reproduction. This condition is called diapause.

Read more about these and other types of spider mites in our article “Types of spider mites. How to recognize a harmful parasite? "

How to fight at home?

Fighting spider mites is difficult, so it's worth doing prevention.

Most mite species do not like humid air, and plants need to spray more often, maintain moisture at the right level in different ways.

Submerging the plant in water rarely helps, because mites are able to form an air bubble around themselves.

The leaves of the plant are necessary wipe on both sides with a damp soft cloth, which must be constantly rinsed in hot water so as not to transfer ticks from plant to plant. Fallen leaves and flowers should not be left in the pot.

Pots before reuse must be washed with detergents, it is better to store them in rooms that are not heated in winter. Wash frames with detergents. Paint wooden frames as often as possible.

The spider mite not only harms the plant itself, but is also a carrier of various diseases, for example, gray rot and spores of various fungi.

Treatment

How to treat flowers from spider mites at home?

Folk remedies for combating spider mites are as follows:

  • vodkadiluted with water;
  • infusion of roots dandelion;
  • garlic infusion;
  • decoction of tubers cyclamen;
  • infusion of flowers calendula.

How to treat indoor flowers for ticks using cyclamen tuber, you can find out from the video:

Folk remedies can not always cope, and then you have to resort to stronger drugs:

  • Intavir;
  • Fitoverm;
  • "Karbofos";
  • Actellik;
  • "Alatar".

You can read in detail how to use spider mite control agents.

All funds will be effective only when multiple processing... It is also necessary to process neighboring plants, frames and a window sill.

Treatment

How to cure flowers from spider mites? If a tick is found, the plant must first be thoroughly washed with household or tar soap. Lather each leaf and each bosom, whipping the foam with your hands and gently processing all parts of the plant. Leave the flower for several hours (you can also for a day), covering it with a plastic bag... Then rinse off the soap thoroughly under a warm shower.

If the defeat was insignificant, then such a procedure will be sufficient, however, it is necessary be sure to repeat two to three times a week. The plant should be sprayed with warm water twice a day and inspected regularly.

Wash frames and window sill with hot water with any detergent... The rest of the plants on the windowsill also need to be processed in order prevention... Spider mites do not tolerate fresh air and ventilation.

What if the defeat has gone far enough? You must first carry out the treatment with soap, then spray with preparations Intavir, Fitoverma, Karbofos... When processing a window, it is also worth adding "Karbofos" to the water.

Sometimes it helps a fairly simple method: an open container with finely chopped garlic or turpentine, close the plant tightly together with the container for 2-3 days. The edges of the pot must be greased. with tar.

Ways to fight flowers

How to get rid of spider mites on indoor flowers? An individual control method must be selected for each plant.

Orchid

Spider mite on an orchid - photo:

The flower is amazed many types of mites, for example, the phalaenopsis mite that lives in the sinuses. Spider mite on orchids - how to fight? First, the plant must be washed with soap, then treated with one of the chemicals, it is better to use a non-toxic Fitoverm or an aqueous solution of the drug "Actellik".

Spider mite on an orchid: what are the control measures? To combat the tick, use special sticks made in Holland, which are stuck into the soil in a pot with an orchid. Act sticks "Plant-pin" and "Etisso" is based on the following principle: the substance of which they are composed dissolves during watering, is absorbed into the ground and, together with water, is absorbed by the roots, from where it enters the ground part of the plant, the flower becomes unsuitable for feeding ticks.

Soil, moss, orchid pots after purchase boiled water in order to prevent spider mites.

What does an orchid infected with a spider mite look like, and how to avoid plant infection - in this video:

Balsam

Balsams are often attacked by mites. If this happened at the end of summer, in autumn or winter, then the plant must drastically cut... Wash the rest and treat with an insecticide, preferably with a preparation "Alatar", since it is very difficult to get rid of a tick on balsam.

Spider mite on balsam - how to fight? If infection has occurred in spring and summer, then the plant is treated with soapy foam, then sprayed with an insecticide, the procedure is repeated several times after 3-5 days. If the plant is of little value, it is better throw away and to prevent the appearance of ticks on other flowers.

Spider mite on balsam - photo:

Indoor rose

How to cure and save a rose from a spider mite at home? Spider mite on a rose indoors appears constantlytherefore it is important to carry out prevention. But if the plant is already affected, then the treatment should be started as soon as possible. Are there any home remedies for spider mites on a rose?

A cobweb appeared on a room rose: what to do? First, you need to wash the rose with hot, up to 50-55 degrees, water with dissolved soap... Leave the plant for a day under a plastic bag and then rinse with water of the same temperature.

Then you have to try processing garlic infusion... If this does not help, then spray with any chemical preparation, it is better to use "Neoron".

How to use spider mite remedy on a home rose? In each case, when you have to process a flower, you must resort to using different chemicals.

Spider mite on a room rose - photo:

Spider mite on a home rose: how to fight?

About, how to process homemade rose from spider mites, you will find out by watching the video:

Some more helpful tips on how how to get rid from a spider mite on a rose at home, you will get from this video:

Ficus

For the prevention of spider mites, ficus is necessary spray regularly... Spider mite on ficus - how to fight? If infected, thoroughly wipe each leaf on both sides well soaped with a rag and, keeping the plant for a day under a plastic bag, wash off the soap with warm water. Then you need to spray the ficus alcoholic solution of calendula, diluted with water, without missing a single leaf.

Effectively irradiating leaves ultravioletthat ticks can't stand. Ficus leaves can be covered oily the drug and leave it for several days.

Spider mite on ficus - photo:

Anthurium

If numerous colonies of ticks are found on a plant, you must first wash with soap, those leaves that are severely affected, cut out. Then remove from the pot, inspect the roots, remove damaged ones, carefully rinse the roots in warm water and transplanted into a clean container in new soil.

After that, spray the plant epin... This treatment is usually sufficient.

But if it was not possible to get rid of ticks in this way, then you will have to resort to spraying more toxic drugs, for example "Karate".

Spider mite on anthurium - photo:

Violet

Most often, violets (Saintpaulias) are affected by the cyclamen tick. Cut off the affected leaves, then spray the flower with the drug Fitovern, repeat the treatment twice after 10 days.

Spider mite on a violet - photo:

Dracaena

The plant infects a simple spider mite. The fight against it is to flush the long leaves in warm water with soap.

If, after repeated water procedures, the tick still remains, then you need to resort to an insecticide. For example, to Fitovermu.

Spider mite on dracaena - photo:

The most effective prevention of spider mites on any indoor plant is washing under a warm shower with laundry or tar soap.


Watch the video: How To Get Rid Of Spider Mites Permanently When Nothing Is Working (May 2022).


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