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Eggplant is a popular vegetable crop that is more convenient to grow by seedlings. Plants are very demanding on the composition of the soil, they hardly germinate and need a container that preserves the integrity of the fragile roots.
There is an alternative to the usual containers and cups. Tried and tested methods that have shown good results include growing seedlings in peat tablets, snails, or on toilet paper.
Eggplant seedlings in peat tablets - planting and growing
Growing eggplant seedlings in peat tablets - modern and very convenient way... It eliminates the hassle of independently mixing the substrate, disinfecting, sifting, fertilizing the soil.
Way ideal for working with a small amount of seeds, cultivation of rare and valuable varieties of eggplant. For industrial plant cultivation, it may not be very convenient.
Peat tablets: what is it?
Peat tablets are a simple, convenient and safe way to grow seedlings. Unlike pots, tablets do not have dense pressed cardboard walls that cannot penetrate the weak roots of the eggplant.
Pills made from high-moor compressed peat, to which nutrients are added: growth stimulants, disinfectants, anti-stress additives. The acidity of peat is neutral, it suits most plants, including eggplants.
When choosing tablets, you should pay attention to their size. Diameter varies from 2.5 to 7 cm, 4 cm is considered optimal... When stored in a dry place, the shelf life is unlimited.
The tablets can be used for a full cycle of seedling growth, no handling or picking is needed. The grown plants will be moved to their permanent residence along with the pill, braided by the roots.
The reasons for peat tablets:
- convenience growing;
- ecological security;
- guarantee excellent germination;
- ideal for growing different varieties of eggplant;
- there is no need to use additional stimulants or fertilizers;
- the tablets prevent diseases typical of nightshades (black leg, root rot);
- suitable for the full development cycle of seedlings, from seed germination to planting in a greenhouse.
How to use tablets: step by step instructions
Peat tablets of the required size are placed in a deep container, filled with warm water.
It is advisable to put the tablets with the hole upwards, it is in it that the eggplant seed will be placed. During the swelling, the compressed peat will increase 7-8 times. It is advisable to add water in portions, as it is absorbed.
How to plant eggplants for seedlings in peat tablets? No preparatory measures are required before planting the seeds. It is better to fill the granular planting material with a small amount of water, then gently prick the shell with a toothpick to facilitate germination. The eggplant seed is placed in the hole on the top of the tablet and slightly recessed with your fingers... Learn more about preparing seeds before sowing.
For convenience, you can use a wooden stick, it will help slightly widen the hole. Thus, all planting material is sown, then the tablets are placed in a deep transparent container.
Perfect option - a special mini-greenhouse that creates a comfortable microclimate for seedlings.
It can be replaced with a plastic cake box or a deep container with a tray and lid. The presence of drainage holes in the bottom is mandatory... The containers are placed on a pallet and placed in heat for early germination of seeds.
The tablets should not be too tight.... The peat is moistened as necessary. The container is covered with a lid or tightened with plastic wrap, but once a day, planting must be ventilated.
For successful germination requires bright sunlight... It is better to install containers with tablets on the windowsill of the south, south-east or south-west window. With a lack of sunlight, the landings are supplemented with fluorescent lamps.
Seedlings grown using tablets does not need a pick, it moves to the beds together with the peat base. If the mesh that preserves the integrity of the tablet breaks, the plant will have to be transplanted into another container.
During growth, it is not necessary to deepen the shoots. Seedlings, the roots of which have braided the pill, are considered ready to move to a permanent place of residence. It is important to ensure that the roots of the plants do not get confused with each other..
Before transplanting to the beds, you need cut a protective mesh on each tablet... If left intact, the roots of the eggplant will not be able to fully develop, the plant will begin to wither, and flowering will slow down. After transplanting, watering and feeding is carried out as usual.
You can watch the process of sowing seeds in tablets in the video below:
Paper packaging: affordable, cheap, practical
Very convenient, simple, the most affordable option for germinating eggplant seedlings - ordinary toilet paper. The process is simple, at first it excludes the dirty work of compiling, disinfecting, sifting the soil.
Way allows you to reject low-quality seedswithout occupying separate containers.
Any kind of paper, from high-quality four-ply to heavy unbleached paper, is suitable for germination. It is convenient to use colored paper, thin white spines are more noticeable on it.
Instead of toilet paper you can use kitchen paper towels... Napkins or handkerchiefs will not work, they soak very quickly, germinated seeds are difficult to remove from swollen cellulose fibers.
The advantages of growing eggplant seedlings on toilet paper:
- this is the cheapest wayallowing the use of raw materials of any quality;
- you can use scrap materials as a container;
- seeds germinate very quickly;
- lack of nutrients stimulates root developmentwithout allowing the stems to stretch excessively;
- the humidity level is easy to regulate;
- seedling does not suffer from lack of light;
- seeds that have not hatched can be removed in a timely manner.
A small disadvantage of the method - the need for a pick... Unlike peat pellets, paper is only suitable for the first development cycle of seedlings.
How to plant seeds on paper: step by step instructions
Before boarding seeds are recommended to be soaked in a growth stimulator for 10-12 hours.
Self-collected seed is pre-disinfected in a solution of potassium permanganate, washed and dried. Purchased seeds do not need such a procedure; they undergo the necessary processing before being sold.
For germination, you can use deep plastic trays, transparent cake or cookie boxes. A simple and affordable option is a plastic bottle cut lengthwise. This creates two small, handy containers that can be placed on a tray to prevent tipping.
This method is convenient when planting different varieties of eggplant. Each container can be signed and only a certain variety can be planted in it, controlling the germination time and seedling quality.
Toilet paper cut into strips and stacked on the bottom of the container in 7-8 layers. Substrate generously sprayed with warm water from a spray bottle, seeds are laid on it and lightly crushed so that wet fibers surround each seed.
The containers are covered with cling film and then placed in heat. Eggplant shoots appear on the 4th-5th day.
Young shoots are placed in bright light. The sill of the south window, protected from drafts, will do.... With a lack of sun, the seedlings will have to be supplemented with fluorescent lamps. As necessary, the paper is moistened, and the film is removed for airing and hardening the seedlings.
When the first true leaves appear on the seedlings, it transplanted into a separate container... To avoid decay, you need to use pots no larger than 10 cm in diameter. The containers are filled with light soil from a mixture of garden soil and humus.
For successful growth requires frequent watering with warm water and bright lighting... Young eggplants sprouted in conditions of lack of nutrients are recommended to be fed with full mineral fertilizer.
Seedlings can be moved into pots gradually as they develop. This guarantees one hundred percent survival rate of plants, their excellent development. Seedlings will not stretch, their growth can be controlled with mineral fertilizing or other express measures.
Eggplant snails: an original option for creative gardeners
An unusual, convenient and practical way - eggplant seedlings in a snail, seedlings with this growing method does not require soil, plantings are compact, do not take up a scarce space on the windowsills.
The method is suitable for germinating any number of seeds. After the emergence of seedlings, the seedlings are transplanted into the ground, and the seeds without seedlings are discarded.
Seedling snails: what is it?
Snails are called rolls of film or other synthetic material, padded with soft toilet paper. The seeds are laid out on damp paper, after which the structure is rolled up and placed in a deep container for germination.
For making snails you can use dense film for greenhousescut into wide strips. Cut plastic bags are also fine.
Perfect option - a special material made of polyethylene foam or izolon, which serves as a substrate for linoleum and laminate.
These materials are non-toxic, have excellent thermal insulation properties, which provide an optimal microclimate for seeds.
Planting eggplant for seedlings in a snail has its advantages:
- profitability and availability of materials;
- germination possibility any number of seeds;
- suitable for seed with a high percentage of rejects;
- the film perfectly retains heat and moisture;
- grown plants do not suffer from blackleg and root rot.
The method also has a drawback: due to the lack of lighting the sprouts may stretch excessively... After the appearance of real leaves, seedlings have to dive, so dirty work with the ground is indispensable.
Watch a video about sowing eggplant in a snail:
Eggplant in snails: planting seedlings
Before sowing seeds can be treated with a growth stimulant, but many gardeners prefer to use dry material. The film or insulating material is cut into strips 15 cm wide. The number of strips depends on the volume of landings.
The length of the film should not be excessive, otherwise the snail will turn out to be too bulky.
3-4 layers of toilet paper are laid on top of the filmdipped in an aqueous solution of a growth stimulant or warm, settled water. Eggplant seeds are laid out on the surface of the paper at a distance of 2 cm from each other. It is necessary to leave free stripes at the top and bottom (1 and 5 cm, respectively). The seeds are covered with another layer of paper and sprayed with water from a spray bottle.
Tape with seeds and paper interlayer is rolled into a roll and is installed on a pallet. The lower part must be tucked up so that you get a glass. The snail is placed in a warm place; in the cool, the seeds can rot.
Eggplants germinate very quickly, seedlings appear in 4-5 days. After the sprouts appear, the roll is unwound, garden soil mixed with humus or peat is poured over the paper tapes.
The soil is sprayed generously with warm water, then the tape is rolled up again. A snail with the addition of earth turns out to be very voluminous. It is placed on a pallet and placed in bright sunlight. With its lack, artificial illumination is possible.
When the first pair of true leaves unfolds on the seedlings, it can be dived into separate containers.
For improvised pots, the film used for snails is suitable. It is rolled up in the form of a cup, the lower part is tucked in, and then fastened with a stapler.
The cups are filled with soil, an eggplant seedling is placed in each and sprayed with water. When transplanting to the beds, the fasteners can be removed, the film can be expanded, and the seedling with an intact lump of earth can be placed in the prepared hole.
It is undesirable to use peat cups, weak plant roots will not be able to penetrate the dense walls after transplanting. Some gardeners do without picking, moving slightly grown seedlings to the greenhouse.
Properly grown eggplant seedlings should be strong, rich green, not overgrown. This appearance of the seedlings is guaranteed by all the proposed methods.
You can choose the right one empirically, each method has its own loyal fans. Growing using film, toilet paper or peat tablets is also suitable for other crops: cucumbers, tomatoes, zucchini, peppers.
Read other articles on growing and caring for eggplant seedlings:
- All the features of sowing according to the lunar calendar.
- The golden rules for growing from seeds.
- Features of cultivation in various regions of Russia: in the Urals, Siberia and the Moscow region.
Comparison of methods for growing eggplant seedlings in peat tablets and snails. Find out which way is more effective: