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Types and description of Brocade's gloxinia. Planting, care and reproduction of a flower


This plant belongs to miniature varieties, it is native to Brazil. Thanks to this species, there are now many different varieties of indoor gloxinia. To grow a beautiful Gloxinia Brocada, every grower needs to know about the basic rules and intricacies of care, as well as what diseases and pests of the flower are.

In this article, we'll take a closer look at a plant called Gloxinia brocada. Consider its types, botanical description, features, planting and care rules, and much more.

What is this plant?

It is a semi-shrub, from the Gesneriaceae family, and this plant also has a tuberous rhizome. Gloxinia are different and differ depending on the size of the radius of the outlet... For example, there are microminiature ones, where the radius of the outlet is not more than 5 mm., There are also miniature ones, where the outlet is not more than 20-30 mm. and standard, the radius of the rosettes of which exceeds 30 mm.

Gloxinia brocada is a miniature variety. The home of the flower is South America, namely Brazil. In 1785, a new unknown plant was discovered, which had a rhizome with scales at the base and in its shape it resembled a bell.

The plant was the first representative of a new genus and became known as speckled gloxinia in honor of the naturalist B.P. Gloxin. At the beginning of the 20th century, a new plant was introduced from Tropical America, which was very similar to Gloxinia, but featured a speckled tuber. Both plants were united by the similarity of the flower shape, which is why they were attributed to a new type of flower - beautiful gloxinia.

As a result of breeding work, it was she who gave dozens of new varieties of modern indoor gloxinia, which are distinguished by the shape of the flowers and the amazing purity of color.

Varieties

Gloxinia brokada is divided into two main types:

  • gloxinia brokada blue;
  • gloxinia brokada red.

Brocada blue - has double flowers, which reach 8 cm in diameter, most often blue or purple with a neat white border. The height of the bush reaches 20 cm, on which from 10 to 25 large double inflorescences grow.

Brocada red - is a very blooming and very beautiful plant with relatively small flowers, the size of which reaches 6 cm.

Has a bright red color. The border either predominates or is absent altogether. The average size of the bush is 20 cm.

Appearance and features

Description

A big plus of the plant is the presence of a variety of leaf shapes. dark green and juicy green.

The plant belongs to the terry variety. It is divided into types, depending on the color of the petals: brindle, chintz and monochromatic.

  1. Calico - differ in dots of different sizes.
  2. Tiger - together with specks there are rims along the edges of the petal.
  3. Plain - one shade.

All flowers of this plant are of a solid color - bright buds that are located above the dark green leaves, forming a shape like a ball, which makes it seem very lush. They are called terry because they have several rows of petals, making it seem that the bush is rich in flowers.

Features of the

Gloxinia has a special flower, since it has a rather small rosette, and because of this, the buds seem large. The color is predominantly monochromatic, but sometimes there is a border of a lighter shade than the petals themselves.

To the touch and in appearance, the petals are similar to velvet. Gloxinia flower is considered one of the most persistent flowers that stay on the peduncle for a long time. Abundant flowering is one of the main advantages of the plant.

Where and how to plant?

To grow gloxinia, you need to do the following:

  1. Bright and soft light, but the rays should not fall on the future plant.
  2. Because of its small seeds, loose soil is taken for sowing, consisting of sod land, sand, humus and leafy soil. The composition should be as follows: 1: 1: 1: 2.
  3. The soil is disinfected before sowing, and then watered.
  4. Most often, the plant is planted from the end of February to March.
  5. The seeds are carefully placed 3-5 cm apart from each other in a greenhouse container.
  6. Sowing is covered with glass or foil in order to maintain moisture.
  7. The soil must necessarily contain nutrients, not retain water and allow air to pass through.
  8. The container should not be kept at temperatures below 24 degrees.
  9. The soil must be monitored and moistened.
  10. After the formation of the first leaves, gloxinia is seated in separate pots; the tuber should look out a little from the ground - do not touch the leaves when watering the future flower.
  11. Water the flower from below, for this substitute a saucer.

The result mainly depends on heat, light and humidity!

Care

Another feature of gloxinia is grooming. For good conditions, the flower needs a temperature not exceeding 25 degrees. When the temperature drops, the leaves fall, and when the temperature rises, they tend to rise. Avoid high humidity and heavy drafts - especially drafts.

If the plant dries up, then brown spots form on the leaves, however, it is not necessary to wet them, as this is fraught with the appearance of rot. Both ready-made fertilizers and those made by yourself are suitable. Fertilizers stop feeding in August. Usually, the flower is fed once a week or 10 times with active growth, a month after planting or transplanting to another soil.

Diseases and pests

  • The most common disease in gloxinia is ascochitis, a fungal disease that occurs due to high humidity, as a result of which brown, red or brown spots are formed on the leaves. "Infected" leaves are removed, and the plant is treated with copper sulfate. A week later, a similar procedure is carried out.
  • The most dangerous disease is late blight, as it affects all parts of the plant. With this disease, a moldy bloom appears, due to which the plant begins to dry when it is severely dry and rot when it is very humid. Among other things, brown flats appear.
  • Another serious disease is septoria. It promotes the appearance of gray or gray-red spots, drying and bending of the stem and shoot. In such situations, it is quite difficult to save a flower. A common mistake with septoria is to manually pull out and tear off the shoots damaged by the disease.
  • Among other diseases, the following are distinguished: powdery mildew, thrips, gray rot, downy mildew, etc.

Reproduction

A feature of the reproduction of gloxinia is its variety of possible types of reproduction. This includes: propagation by leaf cuttings, peduncles, stem cuttings, and tuber division.

Similar flowers

The following flowers are similar to gloxinia:

  • Violet - found in regions of the planet with a temperate climate. There are about 500 species of these flowers. In appearance it is similar to gloxinia.
  • Sinningia - perennial low-growing herb, which belongs to the genus Gesnerievye. Thick and velvety leaves, and flowers in the form of a "bell". Homeland - Brazil.
  • Streptocarpus - profusely flowering, herbaceous plants, which comes from the Gesneriaceae family. The name is translated from ancient Greek as "twisted fruit".
  • Tydea - a perennial herb, also comes from the genus Gesneriaceae. The flower grows in the form of a shrub, or in pubescent grass. Whorled, velvety leaves. The homeland of this flower is the tropical regions of Africa (you can find out more about which type of gloxinia the tedea is similar to and what is their difference here).
  • Ahimenez - not very tall plant with scaly elongated nodules. The flowering period begins in spring and ends with the onset of autumn.

Gloxinia brocada is a very beautiful and delicate flower that can amaze anyone with its beauty. It also has a huge number of advantages and will be an excellent addition to room comfort, and will also cheer you up.


Watch the video: How to care Azalea and Gloxinia flower plant With English Subtitle (January 2022).