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Important rules for caring for gerberas in pots: what to avoid when growing a flower?

Important rules for caring for gerberas in pots: what to avoid when growing a flower?


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Today, there is a growing trend towards growing at home plants that were previously considered exclusively garden options. These include the gerbera. A bright flower that creates a joyful spring atmosphere in the house.

However, it is very important to know what this beautiful flower likes so that it can delight you with its lush and vibrant flowering. We will provide visual photos of potted flowers.

In this article, we will tell you how to properly care for it, what diseases it is most susceptible to and what measures need to be taken to revive the plant.

Characteristic

Perennial herb belonging to the large family of Compositae. Most natural species of gerberas grow in Africa, partly in tropical regions of Asia. Coloring of gerbera flowers can be any, except blue.

The plant is characterized by elongated, pinnately dissected leaves, reaching a length of about 30 cm, collected in a basal rosette. The lower parts of the leaf petioles of the gerbera are strongly pubescent. The height of the peduncle depends on the variety and can reach a maximum of 50 cm. Gerbera flowers are single baskets with a diameter of 5 to 25 cm. Their price in a pot varies from 200 to 370 rubles.

In floriculture, only one type of this culture is used - the Jameson gerbera. In greenhouses, for cutting, it is grown all over the world, it is also cultivated as a garden plant and for growing at home, in pots.

A photo

Check out the photo of potted flowers below:





Rules for growing a potted flower

You can grow a gerbera in a pot from seeds... When buying planting material, it is very important to pay attention to the shelf life, the germination of seeds is maintained only for eight months after collection. We talked about other methods of gerbera reproduction and the subsequent care of it in this material.

The life cycles of a gerbera in a pot can be roughly divided into two stages:

  1. Dormant period - lasts from August to March. At this time, the plant is actively increasing its green mass, thereby preparing for flowering.
  2. Flowering period... After planting, the plant blooms for the first time only after 9-11 months.

Top dressing of a plant in a pot should be carried out exclusively with mineral fertilizers, organic complexes can harm. During the flowering period, the gerbera is fed once every three weeks with fertilizers with a high potassium content.

During the rest period, the emphasis should be on feeding with an increased nitrogen content.

Growing this plant in a pot is not particularly difficult, so even a novice florist can easily organize his own mini gerbera greenhouse on the windowsill.

Where to locate?

The main factor for the comfortable well-being of gerberas is good illumination.... Therefore, a suitable place for it is a room with a bright, but diffused light. The duration of gerbera bloom depends on the length of daylight hours. To organize additional lighting for the plant, you can use a phytolamp.

The room in which the plant is located must be often ventilated, while avoiding drafts. In summer, the gerbera can be transferred to the balcony or garden. In the second case, it would be best to place the flower under a spreading tree, protecting it from direct sunlight.

If a gerbera has just been brought from a nursery or store, you need to carefully examine it for pest infestation and isolate it from other plants in the house for the time of adaptation (about a week).

How to care for a domestic look?

Watering

The soil in the pot must be constantly moderately moist.... It is very important that no water gets on the flowers during the watering process. It is optimal to water the gerbera along the edge of the pot or through the pallet, wait for the maximum absorption of water into the soil, and drain the rest. Water for irrigation should be warm, about +20 degrees and settle for at least a day.

It is especially important not to water the flower with cold water when it is hot in the room. The contrast between the temperature of the soil and air will have a detrimental effect on the plant. Considering that gerbera cannot be sprayed, to maintain comfortable growth conditions, you can put a special air humidifier or trays with moss and wet pebbles next to the flower.

Gerbera is watered more often during flowering., during the dormant period, watering is significantly reduced. It is enough to slightly moisten the soil, preventing the earthen coma from drying out. Despite the fact that the plant is moisture-loving, it is important not to overdo it with watering. Roots can rot.

Pruning

Gerbera pruning is done immediately after flowering. The stems of faded flowers, dry leaves and excess leaves in the outlet are to be removed. The rosette is thinned out to stimulate the emergence of new flowers. Gerbera does not need to be pinched.

Important! Withered flowers and leaves break off along with the stem at the base; it is not recommended to cut them off with a knife.

Subtleties of home care

Compliance with the nuances in caring for a home gerbera will ensure its stable flowering and correct growth:

  1. Despite the fact that the plant is a photophilous plant, excess illumination can lead to a stop of flowering.
  2. It is imperative to monitor the gerbera during flowering, if the buds do not form for more than three months, the reason must be sought not in a lack of lighting, but in something else.
  3. You shouldn't plant a gerbera in a large pot. This will lead to the fact that the plant will use all its strength to strengthen the root system and stop blooming.
  4. If you choose between cold and heat, a tropical gerbera can handle the latter more easily. You can not often change the temperature regime - this will lower the resistance of the flower.

Read more about the flowering of gerbera and how to properly care for it here.

Problems and illnesses

Gerbera can be classified as a plant with high disease resistance. The following diseases are dangerous for her:

  • Gray rot - affects flowers, peduncles and leaf bases. Visually looks like a gray bloom. Leads to the gradual death of the plant. At the first signs of rot, you should use fungicidal preparations.
  • Powdery mildew... Young plants are especially susceptible to the disease. Outwardly, it looks like a whitish bloom on the leaf stalks. Gradually, the fungus spreads to flowers, buds, leaves. Fungicides will help fight the disease.
  • Late blight... Excessive watering and an excess of fertilizing are fraught with late blight. Visually, this disease will manifest itself in the form of dried leaves and fallen flowers. Rotting of the root system will also begin. In this case, the reduction of watering, partial replacement of the substrate and the use of fungicidal preparations will help to save the plant.
  • Aphid... A gerbera moved to a balcony or garden during the summer can be attacked by aphids. Treatment of leaves and stems with insecticides will help to destroy the insect.

Attention! Do not allow overdrying of indoor air. Gerbera can wither. Also, dry air can provoke an infection of the plant with a spider mite.

How to reanimate?

Gerbera has a very high ability to regenerate, so even if the plant in front of you is in a completely deplorable state, you can postpone the upset about this. The following manipulations will help to revive the plant:

  1. The plant must be planted in correct soil, light and loose. With good water and air permeability. The bottom of the pot must be lined with drainage.
  2. Before planting, a thorough examination of the root system should be carried out, removing all dried and rotten roots. Dry healthy roots and dust with wood ash - this will help to avoid the formation of fungi and mold.
  3. The planted plant is spilled with cool softened water with the addition of growth stimulants.

How to save a gerbera if its leaves turn yellow can be found in this article.

If you follow the simple care recommendations when growing your home gerbera, you can see from your own experience how gorgeous and abundant the flowering of this tropical beauty can be.

Further, an informative video about the features of caring for a gerbera at home:


Watch the video: How To Grow and Care Potted Gerbera Daisies Indoors - Growing Houseplant (May 2022).


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