Begonia is a unique plant. It can be called both decorative deciduous and decorative blooming. Even the most picky gardener will be able to find a suitable one among the huge palette of varieties.
Among this type of begonias, you can find common herbaceous plants, and shrubs, and semi-shrubs. Begonia Fista looks great in pots on the wall, shelves and flower stands. The flower will be a good addition to the collection of indoor plant lovers. In the summer, you can put it on the balcony, not forgetting to create a shadow for it with other colors.
Botanical description and history of origin
Begonia Fista is also called Red-leaved (other varieties of begonias with red leaves are described in detail in this article). Her homeland is South America. In this plant variety, roundish fleshy leaves grow up to 12 cm wide, 15 cm long. Light green stems:
The root system is powerful and able to develop rapidly.
Description of the appearance of a houseplant
The outer surface of a glossy sheet, and the back has a reddish or burgundy tint. Begonia Fista grows in a lush but compact bush, so it looks very good in a small pot. Adult plants grow no more than 25 cm in height. The features of this type of plant are:
- catchy appearance;
- undemanding care;
- the possibility of good development under artificial lighting;
- small size.
Fista begonia is prized for the rare appearance of the leaves. Blooms in small pink inflorescences.
You will see a photo of the flower:
Where and how to plant?
Red-leaved begonia is planted in the spring before or after it blooms. For planting, choose flat pots, because the roots do not go deep into the soil. The root system grows over long distances. It is best to take low plastic or clay, but wide pots. Wooden and metal flowerpots are not recommended, as the metal will rust from exposure to water, and the wood will dry out.
Lighting and location
Begonia Fista needs a lot of light, however, when exposed to direct sunlight, burns appear on its leaves. The light should be diffused. Therefore, if a flower stands on a windowsill, then in the evening and morning time it can be in the sun, and for the rest it needs to create a shade. This can be done with:
Begonia does not tolerate movement well, therefore, the place where it will be located must be taken care of in advance.
Important. Drafts have a detrimental effect on begonia.
Do not place other flowers very close to this flower, otherwise it will not have enough fresh air. The plant is quite normal for a lack of sunshine, but if this continues for a long time, the leaves become lethargic and lose their color brightness.
Begonia grows well and develops in loose, breathable soil. It should include:
- turf and leafy land.
When planting, it is not recommended to fill the entire pot with soil at once, this should be done as the root system grows. The transplant is advised to be carried out the next day after the flower is watered.
Begonia Fista loves constancy, does not respond well to sudden changes. Unlike other flowering varieties, it needs to be watered less frequently. In the summer months, once a week is enough, in the winter months - once a month. You must try not to pour on the leaves.
The plant requires high air humidity all year round. To maintain this, it is enough to constantly spray the air around the flowerpot or put a container of water next to it.
If begonia is in a room with a high temperature in the summer, it can have a bad effect on the leaves, they will begin to wilt. therefore the temperature should be between 18 ° C and 26 ° C... Sharp changes should not be allowed, especially during flowering. In winter, the temperature should not be lower than 14 ° C. If at this time she will not get light, she will need to organize additional lighting.
Fista, like all plants, needs feeding. In winter, once a month, and the rest once every 2 weeks, however, during active growth and flowering, this should be done more often - 3-4 times. As a top dressing, it is recommended to use diluted:
- complex mineral fertilizers;
- bird droppings;
- rotted manure.
From nitrogen fertilizers, the leaves will be oily, and the plant will bloom slower or may stop altogether.
At the onset of a state of rest, Fistu does not need to be fertilized, watering is required very rarely. In case of dropping of leaves by the plant, you need to cut off the top.
Begonia belongs to those colors that are adversely affected by combustion products, therefore it is not advised to put it in the kitchen. When transporting with a flower, you need to be careful, since the leaves are fragile. To prevent the plant from freezing, it must be hidden from the wind and drafts.
Common diseases and pests
Begonia Fista is susceptible to diseases such as root and gray rot. With root rot, the root system is affected, which acquires a burgundy or brown color. Since the disease is not immediately noticeable, blackening of leaves and shoots is possible. In order to prevent the appearance of this disease, it is necessary that the drainage system be well organized, the flower does not need to be flooded with water.
Gray mold is a fungal disease. It manifests itself in the form of mold, which can be removed by turning the plant in the other direction. If the disease is neglected, the leaves turn dark and fall off over time. The reason lies in poor ventilation and excessively high humidity.
Fista begonia often suffers from root rot. In this case, the trunk of the plant turns black. The most common pest is the mealybug. He builds his nest at the bottom of a red leaf plate. It can be recognized by the rough bundles in the leaf axils. He weaves a fluffy web, so his other name is shaggy aphid. A large amount of accumulated dirt and dust contributes to the appearance of this pest.
Florists do not recommend forming the crown of the Fista begonia.
This flower is cut only to obtain planting material.
For its propagation, use the method of cuttings.
- Carefully cut off the end of the growing rhizome.
- Then they take a 6-centimeter stalk and dip it into a hormonal preparation that helps to take root well.
- For planting, you need to prepare a pot with a diameter of not more than 10 cm with holes for drainage. For the breeding procedure, you can use a mixture of wet sand and peat.
- From above, the cutting should be covered with a glass jar and placed in a warm room, where a lot of sunlight enters.
- After 2 weeks, you need to fertilize the cutting.
- After a month, remove the jar and water the plant abundantly.
The main decoration of the charming Fista begonia is its elegant leaves. This small herb is as eye-catching as its larger varieties. It is very popular among flower growers.