Balsam is a very popular plant among flower growers. He is loved not only for its attractive appearance, long flowering period, but also for its unpretentiousness, as well as for the species diversity of the flower.
Balsam is perfect for growing both indoors and outdoors. But when caring for him, questions arise, especially for novice florists: when is a flower transplant needed; how to do it correctly without harming the plant; what should be the composition of the soil and the size of the pot.
A few simple tips will help you avoid mistakes when planting this plant. You will also learn how to propagate this flower.
When is a transplant required?
- It is advisable to transplant if you bought balsam in a store and do not know in what soil and how long the plant has been growing. But first, let the flower get used to its new habitat. Better to transplant it 10 days after purchase.
- Planned replanting in the spring for soil renewal.
- The transplant can be used to save the plant when roots rot (about what balsam diseases are, as well as about their treatment and prevention, you can find out here). Balsam does not react well to being in a cold room. If you water it with tap water at the same time, the root system begins to die off.
How to transplant a plant at home to help it:
- extract the balsam;
- examine the roots, remove those affected by rot;
- treat the sections with crushed activated or charcoal;
- plant balsam in new soil;
- move to a warmer room, take water at room temperature for irrigation.
- A transplant is also needed if your balsam has significantly outgrown the pot. This is usually noticeable by a deterioration in its appearance and roots protruding to the surface or sticking out of a hole in the bottom. Choose a new planter larger by 1-2 cm in diameter.
- If a white coating forms on the soil surface, replanting is not necessary. It is enough to remove the thin top layer, add fresh soil to the pot. After that, water only into the pan of the pot to avoid further alkalization of the soil.
- After 2-3 years, it is better to renew the balsam completely, otherwise it will stop blooming and eventually lose its attractive appearance. Take a cutting from the bush and root it, and discard the old plant.
The best time for the procedure
A prophylactic transplant is required once a year., because balsam very quickly draws out all the nutrients from the soil. It is best to do this in early spring, before flowering begins. Do not neglect the obligatory spring transplant!
Note! It is undesirable to transplant a flowering plant!
Pot selection and soil preparation
- In which pot is it better to plant a flower? It is more correct to choose a small size. In a spacious pot, your ward will begin to build up green mass and root system, but will not please with flowering. When transplanting an adult plant, take a flowerpot half the size of the crown of your balsam. Expanded clay is laid on the bottom, a layer of 2-3 cm. It is not important to buy a ceramic or plastic pot. Balsamin feels good in a "house" made of any material.
- Choose soil fertile, but light - it is advisable to take a mixture of leafy soil, peat, humus, turf, sand. The proportions are 1/1/1/1/1. You can buy ready-made soil for flowering indoor plants, which contains all these components. The soil for balsam should be slightly acidic. Avoid nitrogen-rich soil.
Procedure: step by step instructions
- In order not to damage the rather fragile shoots of the plant, before starting the transplant, thoroughly spill the soil in the pot so that the soil can easily be separated from the walls.
- Holding the balsam at the root base, turn the pot over and remove the earthen ball.
- If there are old dry or injured roots, remove them.
- Dip the balsam into a prepared new pot with drainage at the bottom, keeping it centered.
- Sprinkle, compact.
- Water abundantly again.
- Protect the balsam from bright sun for several days after transplanting.
Planting a houseplant
How to plant indoor balsam? It is better to start planting in early spring, but if necessary, you can do this throughout the year. Future seedlings are rooted in advance. In the planting itself, no special tricks are required - it is important to choose a suitable pot and soil, and water the plant abundantly after planting. You can plant several cuttings with flowers of different colors in one flowerpot - when the time of flowering comes, such a composition will look very impressive!
How to root properly?
Cut off the tops of the shoots (8-10 cm) and place them in water or wet sand. To speed up the process, you can add the drug "Kornevin" to the water. After the roots appear, the cuttings are transplanted into the soil. Young balsam blooms in 1.5-2 months after rooting.
From the video you will learn about how else you can root balsam cuttings:
Check out the photo of the balsam decorating the apartment with its flowering:
Propagation by seeds and cuttings for open ground
Balsam will serve as a wonderful decoration for any flower bed. It blooms from late June until frost. In the fresh air, balsam feels great. The plant is annual, planted with seedlings every new spring.
You can get seedlings in two ways:
- When using balsam seeds - sowing is done in March or April. Planting on a permanent seedling site can be carried out after the threat of frost has passed. The ideal temperature is above +15 +17 degrees.
- The second option is to grow seedlings from balsam cuttings. Young shoots are also rooted in April, and at the beginning of summer they are arranged in a flower bed.
When choosing a place for planting, keep in mind that balsam is a rather delicate plant, it is better to protect it from the scorching sun's rays. But it is better not to plant balsam in the shade. The flower needs the morning sun, and in the hot afternoon hours it is better to shade it.
When and how you can get seedlings and what problems may arise during the reproduction of balsam, you can find out in our material.
- After transplanting, abundant watering is required.
- It is advisable to keep a houseplant in a bright room with a temperature of at least +20 degrees. Outdoor balsams should be sheltered from the cold if frost is predicted.
- During the flowering period, balsam requires feeding with nutritious fertilizers. They must contain phosphorus and potassium, but nitrogen is best avoided. Nitrogen fertilizers will cause active growth of roots and greenery, but at the same time the balsam will refuse to bloom.
Do not fertilize immediately after transplanting balsam! The first fertilization can only be carried out three weeks after planting, when the balsam has adapted.
As you can see, even a novice gardener can handle balsamic care. Remember to follow our planting and replanting guidelines and you will always have a beautiful blooming balsam on your windowsill or in your garden!