Orchid Multiflora or Phalaenopsis Multiflora is a multiflorous plant that belongs to the ancient orchid family.
In appearance, it resembles a lush branched bouquet, and the color has many different colors. Multiflora is considered one of the most beautiful and popular ornamental plants.
The article tells about this amazing orchid - what varieties are there, how to care for it and propagate it at home.
What is it and how did the variety come about?
Orchids are one of the most ancient plants on our planet.... Various species of this plant grow in almost all parts of the world. The birthplace of the progenitors of Phalaenopsis Multiflora is considered to be Australia, Southeast Asia and hot tropical forests. Subspecies of this plant thrive both in rocky gorges, on tree trunks, on stones, and in mountainous and lowland forests.
Multiflora was artificially bred on the basis of natural multi-flowered species in order to be used as an ornamental plant. The main feature of this plant is year-round flowering, plus the whole Multiflora does not require an artificial decrease in temperature to create comfortable growing conditions.
An adult Multiflora orchid plant has such external features:
- leaves are large enough, fleshy, oval, usually in the amount of 4-10 pieces;
- the length of the orchid in full bloom reaches 50-60 cm;
- there are from 3 to 6 arrows-peduncles, since they are particularly fragile, they need additional support;
- at least 15 small flowers bloom on each peduncle at the same time;
- the flower corolla outwardly resembles a classic orchid flower, but its diameter is much smaller - from 2 to 6 cm;
- flowers are varied in color: white, pink, peach, orange, red and even lilac.
reference... Due to the fact that the orchid branches begin and end the flowering process at different times, it seems that the plant blooms continuously throughout the year.
How is it different from other species?
There are several types of Phalaenopsis groups. Their main differences from other types of orchids are that:
- in the standard species, after the end of the flowering period, the apical bud dies off immediately;
- in Multiflora, the upper bud continues to grow throughout the flowering period and creates new shoots with flowers;
- in the Novelty species, the flowers are small, and the apical bud continues to grow after flowering.
Maintaining the right room conditions, Phalaenopsis can bloom for a very long time and delight the owner with an abundance of beautiful flowers.
Varieties and their photos with names
There are quite a few different types of this orchid variety.... The main ones are.
The size reaches a maximum of 40 cm, the leaves are long - 20-25 cm, a lot of white buds.
Has the same external data as the standard phalaenopsis. The color ranges from lilac to dark purple.
It has a delicate orange or reddish tint.
The color is white-pink.
Has a juicy dark purple, closer to black, shade.
Phalaenopsis Multiflora is a very interesting plant that you need to know about some of the subtleties of flowering and care.
- When and how? Due to the continuous growth of flower stalks, fresh twigs and new buds are formed on them. The main feature of flowering is considered to be year-round, the Multiflora orchid grows both in winter and in summer. This is due to the different start and end times of the flowering of the branches.
- Care before and after flowering... Until the flowering period, the orchid must be kept at a temperature of 22 to 27 degrees. It is also advisable to provide her with additional lighting, since she is very fond of light. After flowering, it is better to put it in a cooler place for a couple of months and reduce the amount of watering. This is done so that the plant can gain strength for a new stage of flowering.
- What if the orchid is not blooming? Phalaenopsis Multiflora in extremely rare cases stops blooming, however, if this happens, it is necessary to place it in a cooler place. Room temperature should be 18-22 degrees. The main thing is not to forget that the orchid is a thermophilic plant and a drop in temperature below 18 degrees can be destructive for it.
Attention! In order to speed up the flowering process, you can try cutting off a branch that has already faded over the second eye from the bottom.
Despite the fact that the orchid is not a very whimsical and demanding plant, it must be properly cared for. The health and good flowering of Multiflora depends on the following factors:
- Seat selection... Since the orchid belongs to light-loving plants, it is better to plant it in a place where it will receive enough daylight. However, it is worth protecting it from direct sunlight, otherwise the leaves may turn yellow.
In addition, the air in the room should be sufficiently humid and not too cool, so it is not recommended to place the orchid above radiators or under air conditioners.
- Preparing the soil and pot... The process of moisture ingress depends on the correctly selected pot and the type of soil. When choosing a soil, you should pay attention to special drainage, charcoal, sphagnum moss or pieces of pine bark. It is better to choose a pot that is large enough, transparent, plastic and with holes, since it will be easier to observe the condition of the plant roots.
- Temperature... Multiflora is a very warm-loving plant and does not like sudden changes, so the temperature should be from 22 to 27 degrees.
- Humidity... Orchids are very sensitive to moisture. The humidity in the room should not exceed 50-70%. During hot days, you can spray the flower a little, but if the weather is very rainy and damp, it is better to open the window for a short time to ventilate the room and prevent moisture stagnation in the roots of the plant.
- Lighting... The space in the room should be well lit. If the orchid does not have enough light, growers are advised to put additional lighting in the form of lamps.
- Watering... Water for irrigation should be at room temperature. In order to properly water the orchid, the pot with the plant should be lowered into a container of water for one minute. In no case should water get on the leaves, otherwise they can get sick and die.
- Top dressing... Due to the fact that the orchid is in a constant flowering process, it needs enhanced feeding. To do this, it must be fertilized once a week with special mixtures for orchids along with watering.
- Transfer... The best option for a transplant is once every two years. The substrate should be made of natural materials, and the pot should be light and preferably slightly larger than the previous one.
How to propagate?
In its natural habitat, Phalaenopsis reproduces with new shoots and seeds, but at home, reproduction occurs with the help of air layers. The most favorable period for this business is from the second half of February to mid-July. The process is simple enough:
- it is necessary to choose a healthy orchid on which the flowers have already faded;
- the top of the peduncle is neatly incised to the upper bud;
- the place of the cut must be sprinkled with charcoal;
- a special place with a substrate for transplantation must be prepared in advance.
It will take several days for the plant to recuperate, so for this period of time, watering should be stopped.
Diseases and pests
The main pests that can harm orchids:
- spider mite;
They can destroy the plant in a short time, so it is very important to start hatching them on time. For this, special means are used - insecticides. With their help, the lower part of the plant is sprayed or soaked for a short time along with the roots.
In order to prevent the development of diseases or pest attacks in the orchid, there are a few rules to follow:
- take care of the plant correctly;
- fertilize at times;
- do not take the orchid out into the open, so as not to attract the attention of pests;
- once a week, wash off the dust from the leaves with warm water, and spray the plant.
Phalaenopsis Multiflora orchid feels great at home. The main thing is not to forget to follow the measures for caring for the plant and take into account the peculiarities of its type. Then the orchid will serve you for many years and will delight you with beautiful flowering.