Coleria is a herbaceous perennial plant. Her homeland is Colombia. There are many varieties and varieties.
Gardeners are attracted by its beautiful and abundant flowering. Looks great in any interior.
This article explains in detail how to care for a flower at home and about the pests of the plant.
Flower care at home
The care and maintenance of the plant will not cause any difficulties if you follow certain rules.
To grow coleria, a loose, low acidity soil is required. In the store, you can buy substrate for violets or gloxinia, or you can make your own. For this: 2 hours of leafy earth is mixed with 1 hour of sod land, peat and sand. If there is no sand at hand, you can replace it with vermiculite.
Reference! To prevent root rot and the appearance of other diseases, several pieces of charcoal are added to the substrate.
Lighting and location
Coleria is not adapted to the bright sun. Therefore, the ideal place for her is the eastern or western window sills. In the daytime, the southern windows are shaded from direct sunlight. And on the northern side and in the winter season, additional lights are installed in the form of phytolamps.
The optimum temperature for keeping koleriya is 20-25 degrees, but it can withstand higher ones. In winter, it is reduced to 14-17 degrees. The plant does not tolerate drafts, as it has very delicate leaves and flowers. During the warmer months, the pot is taken out into the garden or on the balcony.
For active development, the flower requires regular and high-quality watering. But without waterlogging, otherwise the roots can rot and the color scheme will die. In the spring-summer period, the introduction of water is carried out 1 time in 4–5 days. From autumn and winter, watering is reduced and carried out when the topsoil dries out.
When watering, water should not touch the leaves and flowers. Therefore, it is brought in through the pallet. Water is used at room temperature, separated, filtered or rainwater.
Coleria belongs to moisture-loving plants, therefore, it requires high humidity. She does not tolerate dry air. But in no case can you spray it itself, you can only around. It is best to put the flower pot on a pallet with wet expanded clay or install a humidifier.
Coleria needs systematic fertilization. They feed her from April to August once a week. Fertilizers are not applied in the autumn-winter period. For this purpose, liquid complex compositions are used, which contain a lot of phosphorus, and less nitrogen and potassium. They are diluted according to the instructions, but the dose is reduced by 2 times.
The dormant period for koleriya begins in the winter season. If the aboveground part dries up, then it is removed. The plant is kept at a temperature of 14-17 degrees. In the room, to provide additional light, fluorescent lamps are installed at a distance of at least 50 cm. Watering is very rare, only so that the earthen lump does not completely dry out.
The flowering period of the plant begins in July and ends in November. The buds themselves are red, purple, pink, from light to dark tones. Very often they are decorated with patterns. After flowering, be sure to remove the peduncles and dry twigs. At the same time, you should not wait for buds in the first year after planting, flower stalks are only 2-3 years old.
Pruning and shaping the crown
The formation of the crown is carried out in the spring. It is not cut off, but plucked. If pruning is not carried out in time, then the shoots are strongly stretched upward, and then bend under their weight. At the same time, few peduncles are formed. Shoots that have reached a length of 20–30 cm are shortened by a third, this encourages the active appearance of young branches. Be sure to remove old and dried stems. The procedure is carried out with a sterile object.
Koleria transplant is carried out once every 2-3 years. The process is carried out in the spring. A new pot is picked up 1–2 cm larger than the previous one.
Attention! The plant is in no case transplanted during the budding period, otherwise it will drop the ovaries.
The procedure consists of the following steps:
- The pot is thoroughly washed and dried.
- A drainage layer of expanded clay or pebbles is laid at the bottom.
- Pour some soil and make a small dimple.
- The plant is taken out of the old flowerpot, the roots are examined, if damaged, they are removed.
- Coleria is planted in a container. The voids are filled with earth.
After transplanting, the flower is watered abundantly and put in a permanent place.
To obtain a new plant, koleria is propagated at home. The process is carried out in the following ways:
- By cuttings. The upper part of the shoot is cut off from the mother plant. All leaves are removed from the cutting from the bottom. To enhance root formation, the cut site is treated with root. A mixture of sand and leafy earth is poured into the container, and then the shoot is planted. The substrate is moistened abundantly and covered with a jar. Ventilate regularly.
After 10-14 days, the first roots appear, and a month later, a full-fledged root system. Then the rooted cuttings are transplanted into separate pots with permanent soil.
- Seeds. Seed coleria rarely retains its varietal properties. Purchase seed in the store. The procedure is performed from late January to early March. They are planted in a moist substrate of sand and peat, at a short distance from each other. Cover with foil on top. They are kept in a warm and bright room, at a temperature of 23-25 degrees. Periodically ventilate and moisturize.
After 2-3 weeks, the first shoots will appear. With the formation of 2-4 true leaves, each sprout is transplanted into separate containers. Before the formation of the bush, pinching is carried out, this stimulates the appearance of new shoots.
- Division of rhizomes. The method is used during plant transplantation. Coleria is pulled out of the pot, freed from the ground and examined. The rhizome is divided into several parts. Moreover, each of them should have several healthy shoots and a large number of roots. The rhizome has nodes, buds, and scaly leaves. Places of cuts are sprinkled with crushed coal. And the delenki are planted in containers for a couple of centimeters. Water abundantly.
Pests and diseases
Coleria, with improper care, is susceptible to the following diseases:
- Brown spots on the leaves. They occur with improper watering and stagnation of moisture on the leaves. The mode of water application is being reviewed.
- Yellow spots on the leaves. They indicate that the plant has been in the sun for a long time. Rearranged to a darker place.
- On the leaves there is a gray bloom. Appears from the defeat of the fungus. Reduce the amount of watering.
- Leaves curl. The indoor air is too dry. For recovery, sprinkle with water around the pot or place containers with water next to it.
- The leaves are lethargic. Lack of lighting. The pot is rearranged in a bright place or additionally illuminated with phytolamps.
If you follow the rules of care, then the plant is rarely attacked by pests. But in case of violation of the content, the koleriya can be attacked by:
- spider mite.
They suck out the juice, and this can lead to the death of the flower. To prevent this from happening at the first sign, the leaves are treated with soapy water. But with severe lesions, insecticidal preparations are used, such as the:
- Fitoverm and others.
If necessary, re-processing is carried out after a week. Dilute the product according to the instructions.
Here you can see what a flower looks like when properly cared for:
Are there any peculiarities of caring for different varieties?
Before you start growing a flower grower in an apartment, you need to get acquainted with the features of each species. After all, they have differences in care and feeding. Fertilizers are applied according to the flowering period. For example:
- Coleria Bogotskaya blooms throughout the summer;
- Linden's coleria in the fall;
- and foxglove coleria begins to bloom in August.
But not every plant needs constant pruning. But when growing a fluffy-flowered variety, it is necessary to regularly prune, since with improper care, this flower may not pick up buds and grow up to 1.2 meters in height. At the same time, dried, damaged stems and leaves are regularly removed.
Coleria is a beautiful, delicate ornamental plant that requires attention. The main thing is not to overdo it with watering and dressing when caring for it. And then she will give beautiful flowering and will delight the eyes for a long time.